Cognitive Concepts Content Standard 12:

All students will describe the effects of activity and inactivity and formulate examples of lifestyle choices that result in the development and maintenance of health-related fitness.

Early Elementary

  • Describe selected immediate effects of physical activity (e.g., increased heart rate, increased body temperature, muscle tension and faster breathing rate).

Later Elementary

  • Describe selected long term benefits of right kinds and amounts of physical activity (e.g., strong heart, flexible joints, strong muscles, correct body weight, good endurance, improved performances, optimal growth and good health).
  • Describe selected detrimental effects of physical activity (e.g., muscle soreness, overuse injuries, over-training, temporary tiredness and discovering inability).
  • Identify physical activities that can be used to improve each of the following health-related fitness components: cardiorespiratory endurance, body composition, flexibility, posture, muscular strength and endurance and weight control.
  • Identify a range of physical activities that those with physical disabilities can participate in to improve and/or maintain health.
  • Identify physical activities that contribute to feeling good (healthy).

Middle School

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Middle School Con’t

  • Describe the long term psychological effects of right kinds and regular amounts of physical activity (e.g., healthy physical self image, ability to reduce stress, strong mental function and emotional health).
  • Describe the effects of inactivity on health-related fitness, growth and performance.
  • Analyze potential risks associated with selected lifelong physical activities commonly used to develop aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, muscular strength, muscular endurance, muscular power, flexibility, weight control and with selected physical recreational and competitive activities.
  • Analyze and categorize physical activities that will improve cardiorespiratory endurance: strength and endurance of the arms, shoulders and abdominal area; hip flexibility; and will result in an optimal level of body composition while avoiding the potential detrimental effects of activity.
  • Identify a range of physical activities that those with physical disabilities can participate in to improve and/or maintain health.
  • Identify the three life-long physical activities that one enjoys the most and summarize the reasons why these activities are valued more than others.
  • Recognize the effects of heat, cold and selected substances (tobacco, alcohol and other drugs) on personal health and performance in physical activities.

High School

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

High School Con’t

  • Describe the long term social-cultural effects of right kinds and regular amounts of physical activity (e.g., advantages of diverse talent to team membership, contributions of diverse cultures to viewing the worth and qualities of selected physical activities, opportunities to develop sportsmanship, leadership and cooperation).
  • Analyze potential risks associated with selected recreational and competitive lifelong physical activities.
  • Assess personal health-related fitness and design an activity program that will result in achieving and maintaining health-related standards of cardiorespiratory endurance: strength and endurance of selected muscle groups; flexibility of selected joints and lean/fat tissue rations (implies using knowledge of effects of activity and principles of conditioning to establish what must be done, when and how long).
  • Design a physical activity program that would be achievable by a person with a physical disability and that would meet the health-related standard for daily physical activity levels.
  • Name three lifelong physical leisure activities for which one would like to be most competent and identify the skills, levels of fitness, rules and strategies that must be acquired to gain proficiency I each activity.
  • Recognize the effects of substance abuse on personal health and performance in physical activity.
  • Evaluate critically the claims and advertisements made about commercial products and programs marketed to develop aerobic fitness, muscular strength, muscular endurance, muscular power, flexibility and weight control.